Jenny Holzer, These Enhanced Techniques is an artwork that combines geometrical abstraction with a political background. It forms part of a series of paintings and prints broaching the issue of American war crimes. Holzer had found several classified documents of the US Army that relate to the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Holzer replaced the censored components of the documents with black rectangles, alluding to the minimalist artworks by Kasimir Malevich.
Jenny Holzer is a political artist and activist, best known for her text-based public art projects. In her practice Holzer explores how language is used as both a form of communication and a means of concealment. She has a long-held interest in the power and language of advertising, which has resulted in the main focus of her work being the delivery of ideas via words in public places. These projects, which she installs on billboards and buildings, are easily mistaken for advertising, and are aimed at agitating and disturbing. With phrases such as “protect me from what I want” and “abuse of power comes as no surprise”, Jenny Holzer ponders issues of consumerism, death, decay, and abuse. In doing so, both the message and the medium are significant. On why she uses language as her main form of communicating her message Holzer said: “I used language because I wanted to offer content that people — not necessarily art — people could understand.” Jenny Holzer is also known for her printmaking practice, in which she also encourages audiences to think critically about the power of language, that which is spoken, and that which remains unspoken. She has won numerous awards, including the Golden Lion of the Venice Biennale (1990) and has held solo shows at ICA, London (1988), Guggenheim Museum, New York (1989), Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (1991), Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin (2001, 2011), Barbican Centre, London (2006), Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (2009), Foundation Beyeler, Basel (2009), Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao (2019), and Tate (2019). Jenny Holzer was born 1950 in Gallipolis, Ohio and currently lives in New York.